This study investigated the effect of 1-week oral administration of propolis on muscle fatigue and recovery after performing a fatigue task (total 100 maximal voluntary concentric knee extension repetitions). In this placebo-controlled, double-blind study, 18 young men consumed a formulation with high Brazilian green propolis dose (H-BGP), a formulation with low Brazilian green propolis dose, or a placebo, for 1 week before performing the fatigue task (an interval between each intervention: 1-2 weeks). Maximal voluntary contraction torque, central fatigue (voluntary activation and root mean square values of the surface electromyography amplitude), and peripheral fatigue (potentiated triplet torque) were assessed before, immediately after, and 2 minutes after the fatigue task. Maximal voluntary contraction torque decreased immediately after the fatigue task in all conditions (P<0.001); however, it recovered from immediately after to 2 minutes after the fatigue task only in the H-BGP condition (P<0.001). Furthermore, there was a significant decrease in voluntary activation (P<0.001) and root mean square values of the surface electromyography amplitude (P≤0.035) only in the placebo condition. No significant difference was observed in the time-course change in potentiated triplet torque between the conditions. These results suggest that oral administration of propolis promotes muscle fatigue recovery by reducing central fatigue.
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