Carbon and nitrogen limitation of soil microbial respiration in a High Arctic successional glacier foreland near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard

Shinpei Yoshitake*, Masaki Uchida, Hiroshi Koizumi, Takayuki Nakatsubo

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

72 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The hypotheses that carbon and nitrogen availability limit microbial activity, and that the key factors limiting microbes vary along the successional gradient were tested in a High Arctic glacier foreland. We examined the responses of the respiration rate and the phospholipid fatty acid content to the addition of carbon and/or nitrogen. Soil samples were collected from the early stage and late stage of primary succession in the foreland of a glacier near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. The addition of both carbon (glucose) and nitrogen (ammonium nitrate) engendered an increase in the microbial respiration rate in the early stage of succession. In contrast, the addition of either carbon or nitrogen did not increase the microbial respiration rate. In the late stage of succession the addition of carbon alone, as well as the addition of both carbon and nitrogen, increased the microbial respiration rate. However, neither the addition of carbon nor the addition of nitrogen affected the total phospholipid fatty acid content (an index of microbial biomass) for any soil within 15 days of incubation at 10°C. An increase in the respiration rate was therefore attributed to changes in the physiological activities of the microbial community, such as enzymatic activity. Our study suggests that microbial respiration was limited by the low availability of both carbon and nitrogen in the early stage of succession. Thereafter, nitrogen limitation is mitigated.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)22-30
ページ数9
ジャーナルPolar Research
26
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2007 6月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 海洋学
  • 環境化学
  • 環境科学(全般)
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)

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