Carbon nanotube (CNT)/silicon heterojunction solar cells have been extensively studied owing to the ease of junction fabrication. Encouraging power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) have been reported; however, many of them are limited to small cells (<1 cm2). Herein, we report MoOx as a multifunctional layer that enables the size and performance enhancement. A 4 cm2-sized MoOx–CNT/n-Si solar cell with a PCE of 10.0% was realized via simple processes: dispersion–filtration–transfer for the CNT layer, hot-wire oxidation–sublimation deposition for the MoOx layer, mask-deposition for the Ag grid electrodes, and spin-coating for the polymethyl methacrylate anti-reflective layer. The MoOx layer played an essential role as a blocking layer to prevent direct contact and current leakage between Ag and n-Si while allowing the electrical conduction between Ag and CNT. It also served as a p-type dopant for the CNTs, which enhanced the electrical conduction and separation of electron–hole pairs at the heterojunction, and as an enhancer for the anti-reflective effect of the MoOx–CNT layer. Post-thermal annealing of MoOx was found to be crucially important, and the role of MoOx was also evaluated. This combination of a multifunctional MoOx layer with a metal grid electrode provides a facile route for practical CNT/Si heterojunction solar cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)