Caring about you: the motivational component of mentalizing, not the mental state attribution component, predicts religious belief in Japan

Tatsunori Ishii*, Katsumi Watanabe

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Previous studies have demonstrated the relationship between mentalizing and religious belief. However, mentalizing can be broken down into several components, and there are certain measures that correspond to such components. This study aimed to examine the relationship between mentalizing and religious belief using two representative measures, the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the Reading the Mind in the Eyes test (RMET). The results of two studies with Japanese samples showed that the EQ predicted increasing religious belief (study 1), as expected. However, the RMET was not a significant predictor of religious belief (studies 1 and 2). These findings suggest that mentalizing’s mental state attribution component (i.e., matching appropriate mental state words to facial expressions in the eye region) is not directly connected to religious belief. However, the motivational component (i.e., caring about what other people think and feel) is essential for believing in supernatural agents. This study’s limitations and directions for future studies are also discussed.

本文言語English
ジャーナルReligion, Brain and Behavior
DOI
出版ステータスAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 実験心理学および認知心理学

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