Changes in frame of reference use across the preschool years: A longitudinal study of the gestures and speech produced during route descriptions

研究成果: Article査読

13 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This study longitudinally investigated developmental changes in the frame of reference used by children in their gestures and speech. Fifteen children, between 4 and 6 years of age, were asked once a year to describe their route home from their nursery school. When the children were 4 years old, they tended to produce gestures that directly and continuously indicated their actual route in a large gesture space. In contrast, as 6-year-olds, their gestures were segmented and did not match the actual route. Instead, at age 6, the children seemed to create a virtual space in front of themselves to symbolically describe their route. These results indicate that the use of frames of reference develops across the preschool years, shifting from an actual environmental to an abstract environmental frame of reference. Factors underlying the development of frame of reference, including verbal encoding skills and experience, are discussed.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)218-238
ページ数21
ジャーナルLanguage and Cognitive Processes
24
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2009
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 実験心理学および認知心理学
  • 言語および言語学
  • 教育
  • 言語学および言語

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