Changes in muscle activation and force generation patterns during cycling movements because of low-intensity squat training with slow movement and tonic force generation

Michiya Tanimoto*, Hiroshi Arakawa, Kiyoshi Sanada, Motohiko Miyachi, Naokata Ishii

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Our previous studies showed that relatively low-load (∼50-60% 1 repetition maximum [1RM]) resistance training with slow movement and tonic force generation (LST) significantly increased muscle size and strength. However, LST is a very specific movement that differs from natural movements associated with sport activities and activities of daily life, and therefore, it might have some unfavorable effects on dynamic sport movement. We investigated the effects of LST on muscle activity and force generation patterns during cycling movement as a representative dynamic sports movement. Twenty-four healthy young men who were not in the habit of bicycle riding and did not have a history of regular resistance training were randomly assigned to the LST (∼-60% 1 RM load, 3-second lifting, and 3- second lowering movement without a relaxing phase: n = 8), a high-intensity exercise at normal speed (HM) group (85% 1 RM load, 1-second lifting, 1-second lowering, and 1-second relaxed movement: n = 8), or sedentary control (CON, n =8)group. Subjects in the training groups performed vertical squats by the assigned method. Exercise sessions consisted of 3 sets and were performed twice a week for 13 weeks. Pre- and posttraining muscle activation and force generation patterns during the cycling movements were evaluated by the coefficient of variation (CV) of the rectified electromyographic (EMG) wave from the vastus lateralis and CV of pedaling force. Both the CV of the rectified EMG and of pedaling force decreased significantly in the LST group (-21 and -18%, p < 0.05, respectively), whereas there were no significant changes in either the HN or the CON group. This decrease in CV in the LST group could mean that muscle activity and force generation during cycling movement have become more tonic. This result following LST may have an unfavorable effect on cycling movement and other dynamic sports movements.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2367-2376
ページ数10
ジャーナルJournal of strength and conditioning research
23
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2009 11月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 整形外科およびスポーツ医学
  • 理学療法、スポーツ療法とリハビリテーション

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