Characterization and comparison of polyurethane networks prepared using soybean-based polyols with varying hydroxyl content and their blends with petroleum-based polyols

T. W. Pechar, S. Sohn, G. L. Wilkes*, S. Ghosh, C. E. Frazier, A. Fornof, Timothy Edward Long

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

34 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Polyurethane Networks (PUNs) were synthesized using polyols derived from soybean oil, petroleum, or a blend of the two in conjunction with diisocyanate. The soybean-based polyols (SBPs) were prepared using air oxidation, or by hydroxylating epoxidized soybean oil. Some of the networks were subjected to several solvents to determine their respective swelling behavior and solubility parameters. Sol-fractions were also determined, and DMA experiments were utilized to monitor the changes in storage modulus and tan δ with temperature for networks with sol and with the sol extracted. A linear relationship was noted between the hydroxyl number of a SBP and the glass transition temperature of its corresponding unextracted PU network within the range of hydroxyl numbers (i.e., 55-237 mg KOH/g) and glass transition temperatures (i.e., -21-+83°C) encountered in this work. This same linear relationship was realized between the weighted hydroxyl number of soy and petroleum-based polyol blends and the glass transition temperature of the resulting unextracted and extracted network PUs within the ranges utilized in this study (i.e., 44-57 mg KOH/g, -54-19°C).

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1432-1443
ページ数12
ジャーナルJournal of Applied Polymer Science
101
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2006 8月 5
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • ポリマーおよびプラスチック
  • 材料化学

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