Cis and Trans Olefin Radicals: Equilibrium and Photoisomerization

T. W. Ebbesen*, R. Akaba, K. Tokumaru, M. Washio, S. Tagawa, Y. Tabata

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

24 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Electrochemical reduction of 1,2-bis(l-methyl-4-pyridino)ethylene dication gives the same reduction potentials (-0.53 and -0.72 V vs SCE in CH3CN) for both cis and trans isomers. Only the absorbance spectrum of the trans radical (∊(max) 57 000 M-1 cm-1 at 517 nm) is observed. However, by using pulse radiolysis the radicals of both cis and trans isomers are observed in aqueous solution. Although their absorbance spectra are similar, the extinction coefficients are very different. The cis radical is intrinsically stable but undergoes rapid electron exchange with the trans dication isomer. Cis and trans radicals equilibrate through electron exchange, the limiting rate constants in both directions of the equilibrium being 2 X 109M-1 s-1(cis to trans) and 3 X 108M-1 s-1(trans to cis). The photoisomerization of the olefin radicals is essentially one-way: the quantum yield for the cis radical is 0.2, while that of the trans is less than 0.01.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2147-2151
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of the American Chemical Society
110
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1988 3月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学
  • コロイド化学および表面化学

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