Citric acid production from cellobiose by Aspergillus niger was studied by a semi-solid culture method using bagasse as a carrier. From the parental strain Yang no. 2, mutant strains showing resistance to 2-deoxy-d-glucose (DG) on minimal medium containing glucose as a carbon source were induced. The representative mutant strain M155 was selected and subjected to further mutation. The new series of mutant strains showing resistance to DG on minimal medium containing cellobiose as a carbon source was induced, and among them the best mutant strain C192 showed higher citric acid productivity than Yang no. 2 in semi-solid culture when glucose was used as a carbon source. Moreover, in semi-solid culture, the strain C192 produced 49.6 g/l of citric acid, 1.6 times as much citric acid as Yang no. 2 produced, from 100 g cellobiose/l and showed enhanced β-glucosidase production. In shake culture, the extracellular β-glucosidase activity of C192 was higher than that of Yang no. 2 when not only cellobiose but also glucose and glycerol, catabolite repressors, were used as a carbon source. These results indicate that mutant strains such as C192 are insensitive to catabolite repression.
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