Image processing techniques have been actively used for research on road condition inspection and achieving high detection accuracies. Many studies focus on the detection of cracks and potholes of the road. However, in some least developed countries, there are some distances of roads are still unpaved and it escaped the attention of the researchers. Inspired by penetration and success in applying deep learning technic to computer vision and to any other fields and by the existence of the various type of smartphone devices, we proposed a low - cost method for paved and unpaved road images classification using convolutional neural network (CNN). Our model is trained with 13.186 images and validate with 3.186 images which collected using smartphone device in various conditions of roads such as wet, muddy, dry, dusty and shady conditions and with different types of road surface such as ground, rocks and sands. The experiment using 500 new testing images showed that our model can achieve high Precision (98.0%), Recall (98.4%) and F1 - Score (98.2%) simultaneously.