Using immunohistochemistry, we investigated whether daily administration of clenbuterol (CLE; 1 mg/kg body weight per day) accelerates recovery after casted immobilization(IMM)-induced atrophy of fast-twitch plantaris and slow-twitch soleus muscles. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the control (CON), casted immobilization (IMM), casted immobilization following recovery control (RCON), and casted immobilization following recovery with CLE administration (RCLE) groups. Casted immobilization and recovery periods were 9 and 14days, respectively. Rats of the CON group were subjected to the experiment simultaneously with the IMM group. Nine days of immobilization induced muscle fiber atrophy, which was greater in the soleus muscle than in the plantaris muscle. After the 2-week recovery period, the cross-sectional areas of each fiber type in both muscles were higher in the RCON group than in the IMM group. The cross-sectional areas of each fiber type in both muscles in the RCLE group were larger than those in the RCON group. The myonuclear number of each fiber type of the plantaris muscle in the RCON and RCLE groups was higher than that in the CON group. In contrast, the myonuclear number per fiber of the soleus muscle was not affected by hindlimb immobilization, reloading, and clenbuterol administration regardless of muscle fiber type. These results suggest that CLE accelerates the recovery of atrophied plantaris and soleus muscles fibers and that their mechanisms of responses to CLE in both muscles may be different during recovery period after muscle atrophy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas