Kleptomania is an addiction to stealing without an economic motive; therefore, an examination of effective interventions as a preventive measure is needed. The effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) combined with mindfulness for the treatment of addiction has been previously indicated, and it is presumed to be effective for kleptomania; however, this relationship remains unstudied. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural group therapy (CBGT) combined with mindfulness for treating kleptomania. The results of a 12-session programme of CBGT combined with mindfulness for 22 patients with kleptomania showed that kleptomania symptoms and quality of life (QOL) improved. Furthermore, the recovery process revealed that the improvement of distress tolerance affected the improvement of kleptomania symptoms and that the improvement of reward perception and distress tolerance affected the improvement of stress response and QOL. These results suggest that CBGT combined with mindfulness may be effective in improving symptoms and QOL in kleptomania. Key learning aims (1) To understand the clinical features of patients suffering from kleptomania. (2) To learn about CBT interventions for patients with kleptomania. (3) To gain an increased understanding of the mechanisms of recovery in patients with kleptomania.
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