This study employed a short-term prospective design to examine the moderating role of cognitive reappraisal on the effect of post-event processing on social anxiety and maladaptive beliefs. A sample of 510 participants (323 women; mean age = 20.8 years, SD = 1.5) was assessed twice (T1 and T2), with a two-month interval between assessments. Participants completed questionnaires regarding social anxiety, maladaptive beliefs, post-event processing, cognitive reappraisal, and negative interpersonal life events. Results showed that cognitive reappraisal attenuated the effect of post-event processing on social anxiety in participants who had experienced relatively fewer negative life events between assessments. On the other hand, this effect was not clearly observed in participants who had experienced relatively more negative life events. These findings demonstrate the importance of a comprehensive assessment of emotion regulation strategies and experienced negative life events as well as PEP in individuals with social anxiety.
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