Combined effects of EGR and supercharging on diesel combustion and emissions

Noboru Uchida*, Yasuhiro Daisho, Takeshi Saito, Hideaki Sugano

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Conference contribution

40 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

An experimental study has been made of a single cylinder, direct-injection diesel engine having a re-entrant combustion chamber designed to enhance combustion so as to reduce exhaust emissions. Special emphasis has been placed on controlling the inert gas concentration in the localized fuel-air mixture to lower combustion gas temperatures, thereby reduce exhaust NOx emission. For this specific purpose, an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system, which has been widely used in gasoline engines, was applied to the DI diesel engine to control the intake inert gas concentration. In addition, supercharging and increasing fuel injection pressure prevent the deterioration of smoke and unburned hydrocarbons and improve fuel economy, as well. By increasing the EGR ratios, beat release rates during premixed combustion, which is characterized by rapid burning due to ignition delay and which significantly governs NOx formation, can be suppressed more efficiently than by retarding fuel injection timings. Furthermore, combined effects of EGR and supercharging achieved a considerable improvement in combustion along with a reduction in the NOx. The results show that NOx can be reduced almost in proportion to the EGR ratio increase, and that an approximately 50% NOx at a 20% EGR ratio can be achieved without deteriorating smoke and unburned hydrocarbon emissions with appropriate intake boost pressure and fuel injection parameters.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルSAE Technical Papers
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1993
イベントInternational Congress and Exposition - Dearborn, MI
継続期間: 1993 3 11993 3 5

Other

OtherInternational Congress and Exposition
CityDearborn, MI
Period93/3/193/3/5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 自動車工学
  • 安全性、リスク、信頼性、品質管理
  • 汚染
  • 産業および生産工学

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