TY - JOUR

T1 - Common Acoustical Pole and Zero Modeling of Room Transfer Functions

AU - Haneda, Yoichi

AU - Makino, Shoji

AU - Kaneda, Yutaka

PY - 1994/4

Y1 - 1994/4

N2 - A new model for a room transfer function (RTF) by using common acoustical poles that correspond to resonance properties of a room is proposed. These poles are estimated as the common values of many RTF's corresponding to different source and receiver positions. Since there is one-to-one correspondence between poles and AR coefficients, these poles are calculated as common AR coefficients by two methods: i) using the least squares method, assuming all the given multiple RTF's have the same AR coefficients and ii) averaging each set of AR coefficients estimated from each RTF. The estimated poles agree well with the theoretical poles when estimated with the same order as the theoretical pole order. When estimated with a lower order than the theoretical pole order, the estimated poles correspond to the major resonance frequencies, which have high Q factors. Using the estimated common AR coefficients, the proposed method models the RTF's with different MA coefficients. This model is called the common-acoustical-pole and zero (CAPZ) model, and it requires far fewer variable parameters to represent RTF's than the conventional all-zero or pole/zero model. This model was used for an acoustic echo canceller at low frequencies, as one example. The acoustic echo canceller based on the proposed model requires half the variable parameters and converges 1.5 times faster than one based on the all-zero model, confirming the efficiency of the proposed model.

AB - A new model for a room transfer function (RTF) by using common acoustical poles that correspond to resonance properties of a room is proposed. These poles are estimated as the common values of many RTF's corresponding to different source and receiver positions. Since there is one-to-one correspondence between poles and AR coefficients, these poles are calculated as common AR coefficients by two methods: i) using the least squares method, assuming all the given multiple RTF's have the same AR coefficients and ii) averaging each set of AR coefficients estimated from each RTF. The estimated poles agree well with the theoretical poles when estimated with the same order as the theoretical pole order. When estimated with a lower order than the theoretical pole order, the estimated poles correspond to the major resonance frequencies, which have high Q factors. Using the estimated common AR coefficients, the proposed method models the RTF's with different MA coefficients. This model is called the common-acoustical-pole and zero (CAPZ) model, and it requires far fewer variable parameters to represent RTF's than the conventional all-zero or pole/zero model. This model was used for an acoustic echo canceller at low frequencies, as one example. The acoustic echo canceller based on the proposed model requires half the variable parameters and converges 1.5 times faster than one based on the all-zero model, confirming the efficiency of the proposed model.

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U2 - 10.1109/89.279281

DO - 10.1109/89.279281

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0028418307

VL - 2

SP - 320

EP - 328

JO - IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing

JF - IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing

SN - 1063-6676

IS - 2

ER -