The ground-state properties of the one-dimensional spin-1/2 alternating Heisenberg-Ising antiferromagnet are studied both analytically and numerically. The phase diagram is qualitatively predicted by the use of the phase Hamiltonian: The ground state is either the Néel or the effective singlet state according to the values of the alternation and anisotropy parameters. The phase transition between these states is of the first order. The ground state energy, its derivative with respect to the alternation parameter, excitation gap, and the various long-range order parameters are exactly calculated by the numerical method for finite systems (N≦20). The numerical calculations support the analytically predicted phase diagram. The correlation length is also numerically calculated at finite temperatures by the use of the quantum transfer-matrix method.
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