Complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi (Chordata, Urochordata)

Shin Ichi Yokobori, Takuya Ueda, Gertraud Feldmaier-Fuchs, Svante Pääbo, Rei Ueshima, Akiko Kondow, Kazuya Nishikawa, Kimitsuna Watanabe

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The complete nucleotide sequence of the 14,771-bp-long mitochondrial (mt) DNA of a urochordate (Chordata)-the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi-was determined. All the Halocynthia mt-genes were found to be located on a single strand, which is rich in T and G rather than in A and C. Like nematode and Mytilus edulis mtDNAs, that of Halocynthia encodes no ATP synthetase subunit 8 gene. However, it does encode an additional tRNA gene for glycine (anticodon TCT) that enables Halocynthia mitochondria to use AGA and AGG codons for glycine. The mtDNA carries an unusual tRNA(Met) gene with a TAT anticodon instead of the usual tRNA(Met)/(CAT) gene. As in other metazoan mtDNAs, there is not any long noncoding region. The gene order of Halocynthia mtDNA is completely different from that of vertebrate mtDNAs except for tRNA(His)-tRNA(Ser)/(GGU), suggesting that evolutionary change in the mt-gene structure is much accelerated in the urochordate line compared with that in vertebrates. The amino acid sequences of Halocynthia mtproteins deduced from their gene sequences are quite different from those in other metazoans, indicating that the substitution rate in Halocynthia mt-protein genes is also accelerated.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)1851-1862
ページ数12
ジャーナルGenetics
153
発行部数4
出版物ステータスPublished - 1999 12 1
外部発表Yes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

フィンガープリント Complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi (Chordata, Urochordata)' の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらはともに一意のフィンガープリントを構成します。

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    Yokobori, S. I., Ueda, T., Feldmaier-Fuchs, G., Pääbo, S., Ueshima, R., Kondow, A., Nishikawa, K., & Watanabe, K. (1999). Complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi (Chordata, Urochordata). Genetics, 153(4), 1851-1862.