Motivation: Recent studies have revealed that large numbers of non-coding RNAs are transcribed in humans, but only a few of them have been identified with their functions. Identification of the interaction target RNAs of the non-coding RNAs is an important step in predicting their functions. The current experimental methods to identify RNA-RNA interactions, however, are not fast enough to apply to a whole human transcriptome. Therefore, computational predictions of RNA-RNA interactions are desirable, but this is a challenging task due to the huge computational costs involved. Results: Here, we report comprehensive predictions of the interaction targets of lncRNAs in a whole human transcriptome for the first time. To achieve this, we developed an integrated pipeline for predicting RNA-RNA interactions on the K computer, which is one of the fastest super-computers in the world. Comparisons with experimentally-validated lncRNA-RNA interactions support the quality of the predictions. Additionally, we have developed a database that catalogs the predicted lncRNA-RNA interactions to provide fundamental information about the targets of lncRNAs.
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