A2024 alloy foams were fabricated by two methods. In the first method, the melt was thickened by Mg, which acts as an alloying element (melt route). In the second method, the melt was thickened by using primary crystals at a semi-solid temperature with a solid fraction of 20% (semi-solid route). A2024 alloy foams fabricated through the semi-solid route had coarse and uneven pores. This led to slightly brittle fracture of the foams, which resulted in larger energy absorption efficiency than that of the foams fabricated through the melt route. Moreover, A2024 alloy foams fabricated through the semi-solid route had a coarser grain size because of the coarse primary crystals. However, by preventing the decrease in the alloying element Mg, the θ/θ’ phase was suppressed. Additionally, by preventing the precipitation of the S′ phase, the amount of Guinier-Preston-Bagaryatsky (GPB) zone increased. This resulted in a larger plateau stress.
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