Condensin-mediated remodeling of the mitotic chromatin landscape in fission yeast

Yasutaka Kakui, Adam Rabinowitz, David J. Barry, Frank Uhlmann

研究成果: Article査読

32 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The eukaryotic genome consists of DNA molecules far longer than the cells that contain them. They reach their greatest compaction during chromosome condensation in mitosis. This process is aided by condensin, a structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) family member1,2. The spatial organization of mitotic chromosomes and how condensin shapes chromatin architecture are not yet fully understood. Here we use chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C)3,4 to study mitotic chromosome condensation in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe5-7. This showed that the interphase landscape characterized by small chromatin domains is replaced by fewer but larger domains in mitosis. Condensin achieves this by setting up longer-range, intrachromosomal DNA interactions, which compact and individualize chromosomes. At the same time, local chromatin contacts are constrained by condensin, with profound implications for local chromatin function during mitosis. Our results highlight condensin as a major determinant that changes the chromatin landscape as cells prepare their genomes for cell division.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1553-1557
ページ数5
ジャーナルNature Genetics
49
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 10 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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