Correlation matrices are a major type of multivariate data. To examine properties of a given correlation matrix, a common practice is to compare the same quantity between the original correlation matrix and reference correlation matrices, such as those derived from random matrix theory, that partially preserve properties of the original matrix. We propose a model to generate such reference correlation and covariance matrices for the given matrix. Correlation matrices are often analyzed as networks, which are heterogeneous across nodes in terms of the total connectivity to other nodes for each node. Given this background, the present algorithm generates random networks that preserve the expectation of total connectivity of each node to other nodes, akin to configuration models for conventional networks. Our algorithm is derived from the maximum entropy principle. We will apply the proposed algorithm to measurement of clustering coefficients and community detection, both of which require a null model to assess the statistical significance of the obtained results.
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