Context Impacts on Confirmation Bias: Evidence from the 2017 Japanese Snap Election Compared with American and German Findings

Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick*, Ling Liu, Airo Hino, Axel Westerwick, Benjamin K. Johnson

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

6 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Much concern exists about individuals' tendency to favor attitude-consistent messages (confirmation bias) and the consequences for democracy; yet, empirical evidence is predominantly based on U.S. data and may not apply to other cultural contexts. The current three-session online experimental study unobtrusively observed Japanese participants' (N = 200) selective exposure to political news articles right before the 2017 Japanese snap general election. The research design paralleled an earlier U.S. study and a German study, which allowed direct comparisons of confirmation biases among the three countries. Japanese exhibited a confirmation bias, but it was smaller than the confirmation bias among Americans, though comparable to that of Germans. The extent of the confirmation bias among Japanese participants was influenced by individual media trust, which provides new insight into causes of these cross-country differences. Attitudinal impacts resulted from selective exposure, in line with message stance, and persisted for two days.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)427-449
ページ数23
ジャーナルHuman Communication Research
45
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 10 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 通信
  • 発達心理学および教育心理学
  • 人類学
  • 言語学および言語

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