Controlling optical gain in semiconducting polymers with nanoscale chain positioning and alignment

Ignacio B. Martini*, Ian M. Craig, William C. Molenkamp, Hirokatsu Miyata, Sarah H. Tolbert, Benjamin J. Schwartz

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

95 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We control the chain conformation of a semiconducting polymer by encapsulating it within the aligned nanopores of a silica host. The confinement leads to polarized, low-threshold amplified spontaneous emission from the polymer chains. The polymer enters the porous silica film from only one face and the filling of the pores is therefore graded. As a result, the profile of the index of refraction in the film is also graded, in the direction normal to the pores, so that the composite film forms a low-loss, graded-index waveguide. The aligned polymer chains plus naturally formed waveguide are ideally configured for optical gain, with a threshold for amplified spontaneous emission that is twenty times lower than in comparable unoriented polymer films. Moreover, the optimal conditions for ASE are met in only one spatial orientation and with one polarization. The results show that nanometre-scale control of semiconducting polymer chain orientation and position leads to novel and desirable optical properties.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)647-652
ページ数6
ジャーナルNature Nanotechnology
2
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2007 10
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • バイオエンジニアリング
  • 原子分子物理学および光学
  • 生体医工学
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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