Correlation between vibrational spectra and electrical conductivity of polythiophene

M. Akimoto, Y. Furukawa, H. Takeuchi, I. Harada*, Y. Soma, M. Soma



145 被引用数 (Scopus)


Polythiophene films synthesized by electrochemical polymerization under various conditions were undoped and redoped maximally with iodine. The electrical conductivity of the redoped films was in the range 2 × 102 - 5.9 S cm-1. Vibrational spectra of the undoped films were analysed on the basis of those of model compounds including 2,2′-bithiophene, 2,2′:5′,2″-terthiophene and 2,2′:5′,2″:5″,2′-quaterthiophene. First, the intensity ratio of the infrared CH out-of-plane bending bands at 697 (2-substituted thiophene) and 787 cm-1 (2,5-substituted thiophene) is a clue to the degree of polymerization. Secondly, the intensity ratio of the infrared double-bond symmetric and antisymmetric stretching bands reflects the distribution in length of the conjugated segment. Finally, the intensities of three Raman bands at 1155, 682 and 652 cm-1 give information about the amount of distorted structure around the inter-ring C-C bonds. From the comparison of the spectroscopic and conductivity data, it is concluded that a high degree of polymerization alone is not adequate for a doped film to have high electrical conductivity but abundance of long conjugated coplanar segments is the requisite condition.

ジャーナルSynthetic Metals
出版ステータスPublished - 1986 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 材料力学
  • 機械工学
  • 金属および合金
  • 材料化学


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