Cross-cultural validity of the theory of planned behavior for predicting healthy food choice in secondary school students of Inner Mongolia

Takashi Shimazaki*, Hugejiletu Bao, Geer Deli, Hiroaki Uechi, Ying Hua Lee, Kayo Miura, Koji Takenaka

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Aims Unhealthy eating behavior is a serious health concern among secondary school students in Inner Mongolia. To predict their healthy food choices and devise methods of correcting unhealthy choices, we sought to confirm the cross-cultural validity of the theory of planned behavior among Inner Mongolian students. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study, conducted between November and December 2014. Overall, 3047 students were enrolled. We devised a questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior to measure its components (intentions, attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) in relation to healthy food choices; we also assessed their current engagement in healthy food choices. Results A principal component analysis revealed high contribution rates for the components (69.32%–88.77%). A confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the components of the questionnaire had adequate model fit (goodness of fit index = 0.997, adjusted goodness of fit index = 0.984, comparative fit index = 0.998, and root mean square error of approximation = 0.049). Notably, data from participants within the suburbs did not support the theory of planned behavior construction. Several paths did not predict the hypothesis variables. However, attitudes toward healthy food choices strongly predicted behavioral intention (path coefficients 0.49–0.77, p < 0.01), regardless of demographic characteristics. Conclusion Our results support that the theory of planned behavior can apply to secondary school students in urban areas. Furthermore, attitudes towards healthy food choices were the best predictor of behavioral intentions to engage in such choices in Inner Mongolian students.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)S497-S501
ジャーナルDiabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 内科学
  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学

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