Crystallization behaviors in superionic conductor Na3PS4

Hiroshi Nakajima*, Hirofumi Tsukasaki, Jiong Ding, Takuya Kimura, Takumi Nakano, Akira Nasu, Akihiko Hirata, Atsushi Sakuda, Akitoshi Hayashi, Shigeo Mori


研究成果: Article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)


All-solid-state batteries using sodium are promising candidates for next-generation rechargeable batteries due to the limited lithium resources. A practical sodium battery requires an electrolyte with high conductivity. Cubic Na3PS4 exhibiting high conductivity of over 10−4 S cm−1 is obtained by crystallizing amorphous Na3PS4 synthesized by ball milling. Amorphous Na3PS4 crystallizes in a cubic structure and then is transformed into a tetragonal phase upon heating. In this study, in situ observation by transmission electron microscopy demonstrates that the crystallite size drastically increases during the transition from the cubic phase to the tetragonal phase. Moreover, an electron diffraction analysis reveals that amorphous domains and nano-sized crystallites coexist in the cubic Na3PS4 specimen, while the tetragonal phase contains micro-sized crystallites. The nano-sized crystallites and the composite formed by crystallites and amorphous domains are most likely responsible for the increase in conductivity in the cubic Na3PS4 specimens.

ジャーナルJournal of Power Sources
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 11月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 電子工学および電気工学


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