Degree of polymerization of 5,6-dihydroxyindole-derived eumelanin from chemical degradation study

Hidekazu Okuda, Kyoji Yoshino, Kazumasa Wakamatsu, Shosuke Ito, Takayuki Sota

研究成果: Article査読

13 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Summary: Eumelanin is a brown-black pigment comprising 5,6-dihydroxyindole (DHI) and its 2-carboxy derivative (DHICA), but the detailed structure of eumelanin is unclear. Chemical degradation is a powerful tool for analyzing melanin. H2O2 oxidation degradation of eumelanin affords pyrrole-2,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (PTCA) and pyrrole-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (PDCA). The ratio of PDCA to PTCA provides information about the eumelanin structure. In this article, we propose simple equations on the basis of previous experimental results on dimer yields for evaluating the yields of PTCA and PDCA from any DHI oligomers. Assuming the chemical disorder model of DHI-melanin, we solve an equation where a theoretical expression for the ratio of PDCA to PTCA is set to the corresponding experimental value to obtain a plausible Poisson distribution of DHI oligomers. The results demonstrate that the main contributors to DHI-melanin are tetramers and pentamers as shown by the mass spectrometry.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)664-667
ページ数4
ジャーナルPigment Cell and Melanoma Research
27
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Dermatology

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