Democratic and aristocratic aristotle: An aristotelian response to nussbaum's capabilities approach

Kazutaka Inamura*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

This paper addresses the problem of how to make 'democratic' elements in Aristotle's political philosophy compatible with his aristocratic framework for distributing political authority. To this end, it is argued that in Aristotle's framework, the idea of aristocratic governance is justified, because it contributes most greatly to the achievement of the well-being of people in a city (Politics III.9), or the common benefit of a wide range of free individuals (Politics III.6 and 7), and that Aristotle's argument for the wisdom of the multitude (Politics III.11) is actually not democratic, but rather aristocratic to the extent that he proposes integrating the multitude into the deliberative and judicial processes by identifying their 'virtuous character' as a group, not by offering an idea that human beings are created equal. The paper also offers a more constructive criticism of Nussbaum's capabilities approach by arguing that Aristotle's aristocratic idea of distributive justice provides more useful insights into the problem of popular participation than Nussbaum's emphasis on people's capacity for choosing their own way of life.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)286-308
ページ数23
ジャーナルPolis
29
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 古典学
  • 履歴
  • 哲学
  • 社会学および政治科学

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