Demonstration of 4.8 × 10−17 stability at 1 s for two independent optical clocks

E. Oelker, R. B. Hutson, C. J. Kennedy, L. Sonderhouse, T. Bothwell, A. Goban, D. Kedar, C. Sanner, J. M. Robinson, G. E. Marti, D. G. Matei, T. Legero, M. Giunta, R. Holzwarth, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, J. Ye

研究成果: Article査読

114 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Optical atomic clocks require local oscillators with exceptional optical coherence owing to the challenge of performing spectroscopy on their ultranarrow-linewidth clock transitions. Advances in laser stabilization have thus enabled rapid progress in clock precision. A new class of ultrastable lasers based on cryogenic silicon reference cavities has recently demonstrated the longest optical coherence times to date. Here we utilize such a local oscillator with two strontium (Sr) optical lattice clocks to achieve an advance in clock stability. Through an anti-synchronous comparison, the fractional instability of both clocks is assessed to be 4.8×10-17∕τ for an averaging time τ (in seconds). Synchronous interrogation enables each clock to average at a rate of 3.5×10-17∕τ, dominated by quantum projection noise, and reach an instability of 6.6 × 10−19 over an hour-long measurement. The ability to resolve sub-10−18-level frequency shifts in such short timescales will affect a wide range of applications for clocks in quantum sensing and fundamental physics.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)714-719
ページ数6
ジャーナルNature Photonics
13
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 10 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 原子分子物理学および光学

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