The functional load of phonemes is a long-standing, but not a main-stream notion in modern linguistics: that some pairs of phonemes distinguish more words than other pairs is intuitively plausible, but hard to quantify. Meanwhile, neighborhood effects in word recognition and production have been one of the central topics in psycholinguistics, leading to a wide variety of investigations. However, the Greenberg-Jenkins calculation, the most common definition of phonological neighborhood, deals only with deletion, addition, and substitution of phonemes, lacking any consideration of prosody. For example, homophones, which cannot be segmental neighbors and thus excluded in most neighborhood research, can be distinctive if lexical accent is specified. The role of onset/rhyme distinction in neighborhood calculation has been discussed, but morae, another basic unit of prosody, were not mentioned in the literature. We propose a novel method for calculating the functional load based on a prosodically extended neighborhood analysis. It is a frequency-weighted neighborhood density summed across neighbors for a particular phoneme. Accentual distinctions, morae or syllables, and context effects within a word are taken into account. The proposed method gives a better account for the difference in the acquisition order of segments across languages.
|ホスト出版物のタイトル||Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2013|
|イベント||21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Montreal, QC, Canada|
継続期間: 2013 6月 2 → 2013 6月 7
|Other||21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America|
|Period||13/6/2 → 13/6/7|
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