Detection of multi-TeV gamma rays from Markarian 501 during an unforeseen flaring state in 1997 with the Tibet air shower array

M. Amenomori*, S. Ayabe, P. Y. Cao, Danzengluobu, L. K. Ding, Z. Y. Feng, Y. Fu, H. W. Guo, M. He, K. Hibino, N. Hotta, Q. Huang, A. X. Huo, K. Izu, H. Y. Jia, F. Kajino, K. Kasahara, Y. Katayose, Labaciren, J. Y. LiH. Lu, S. L. Lu, G. X. Luo, X. R. Meng, K. Mizutani, J. Mu, H. Nanjo, M. Nishizawa, M. Ohnishi, I. Ohta, T. Ouchi, J. R. Ren, T. Saito, M. Sakata, T. Sasaki, Z. Z. Shi, M. Shibata, A. Shiomi, T. Shirai, H. Sugimoto, K. Taira, Y. H. Tan, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, T. Utsugi, C. R. Wang, H. Wang, X. W. Xu, Y. Yamamoto, G. C. Yu, A. F. Yuan, T. Yuda, C. S. Zhang, H. M. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, N. J. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Zhaxisangzhu, Zhaxiciren, W. D. Zhou

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

53 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In 1997, the BL Lac object Mrk 501 entered a very active phase and was the brightest source in the sky at TeV energies, showing strong and frequent flaring. Using the data obtained with a high-density air shower array that has been operating successfully at Yangbajing in Tibet since 1996, we searched for γ-ray signals from this source during the period in 1997 from February through August. Our observation detected multi-TeV γ-ray signals at the 3.7 σ level during this period. The most rapid increase in the excess counts was observed between April 7 and June 16, and the statistical significance of the excess counts in this period was 4.7 σ. Among several observations of flaring TeV γ-rays from Mrk 501 in 1997, this is the only observation using a conventional air shower array. We present the energy spectrum of γ-rays, which will be worth comparing with those obtained by imaging atmospheric Cerenkov telescopes.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)302-307
ページ数6
ジャーナルAstrophysical Journal
532
1 PART 1
出版ステータスPublished - 2000 3月 20
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 宇宙惑星科学

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