Development of a biomass gas engine by diverting an automotive engine

Yukihiro Nishizawa, Daisuke Yamazaki, Yuki Nagata, Yudai Yamasaki, Shigehiko Kaneko

研究成果: Article

抄録

In order to use biomass resources efficiently, a small-size gas engine in a small-distributed generation system is one of the effective methods. However, existing gas engines for energy generation are too big to use in small-distributed generation systems and very expensive. So, diverting automotive engines is sensible solution because of their low cost. On the other hand, the composition of biomass gas generated from gasification plants is affected not only by the source and the gasification method but also by the gasification condition. Therefore, we aimed to develop a low cost and small size biomass gas engine by diverting an automotive engine with original control system. The intake system of the automotive gasoline engine was changed to two throttles in order to control both fuel and air flow rate respectively. The control system was constructed by assuming to use various fuels whose composition can fluctuate. Operational test was carried out by using real biomass gas from the gasification plant. As results, engine speed and air fuel ratio were stably controlled and the engine output achieved 19 kW.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)485-487
ページ数3
ジャーナルNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
75
発行部数751
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2009 1 1
外部発表Yes

Fingerprint

Gas engines
biomass
engines
Biomass
Gasification
Engines
gasification
gases
Distributed power generation
Control systems
Intake systems
Air
Chemical analysis
Gases
intake systems
fuel-air ratio
Gasoline
Costs
fuel flow
Flow rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

これを引用

Development of a biomass gas engine by diverting an automotive engine. / Nishizawa, Yukihiro; Yamazaki, Daisuke; Nagata, Yuki; Yamasaki, Yudai; Kaneko, Shigehiko.

:: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, 巻 75, 番号 751, 01.01.2009, p. 485-487.

研究成果: Article

Nishizawa, Yukihiro ; Yamazaki, Daisuke ; Nagata, Yuki ; Yamasaki, Yudai ; Kaneko, Shigehiko. / Development of a biomass gas engine by diverting an automotive engine. :: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B. 2009 ; 巻 75, 番号 751. pp. 485-487.
@article{041024e241114674892e4dd7aece8a40,
title = "Development of a biomass gas engine by diverting an automotive engine",
abstract = "In order to use biomass resources efficiently, a small-size gas engine in a small-distributed generation system is one of the effective methods. However, existing gas engines for energy generation are too big to use in small-distributed generation systems and very expensive. So, diverting automotive engines is sensible solution because of their low cost. On the other hand, the composition of biomass gas generated from gasification plants is affected not only by the source and the gasification method but also by the gasification condition. Therefore, we aimed to develop a low cost and small size biomass gas engine by diverting an automotive engine with original control system. The intake system of the automotive gasoline engine was changed to two throttles in order to control both fuel and air flow rate respectively. The control system was constructed by assuming to use various fuels whose composition can fluctuate. Operational test was carried out by using real biomass gas from the gasification plant. As results, engine speed and air fuel ratio were stably controlled and the engine output achieved 19 kW.",
keywords = "Alternative Energy, Biomass Energy, Gaseous Fuel, Internal Combustion Engine",
author = "Yukihiro Nishizawa and Daisuke Yamazaki and Yuki Nagata and Yudai Yamasaki and Shigehiko Kaneko",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1299/kikaib.75.751_485",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "485--487",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B",
issn = "0387-5016",
publisher = "Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "751",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of a biomass gas engine by diverting an automotive engine

AU - Nishizawa, Yukihiro

AU - Yamazaki, Daisuke

AU - Nagata, Yuki

AU - Yamasaki, Yudai

AU - Kaneko, Shigehiko

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - In order to use biomass resources efficiently, a small-size gas engine in a small-distributed generation system is one of the effective methods. However, existing gas engines for energy generation are too big to use in small-distributed generation systems and very expensive. So, diverting automotive engines is sensible solution because of their low cost. On the other hand, the composition of biomass gas generated from gasification plants is affected not only by the source and the gasification method but also by the gasification condition. Therefore, we aimed to develop a low cost and small size biomass gas engine by diverting an automotive engine with original control system. The intake system of the automotive gasoline engine was changed to two throttles in order to control both fuel and air flow rate respectively. The control system was constructed by assuming to use various fuels whose composition can fluctuate. Operational test was carried out by using real biomass gas from the gasification plant. As results, engine speed and air fuel ratio were stably controlled and the engine output achieved 19 kW.

AB - In order to use biomass resources efficiently, a small-size gas engine in a small-distributed generation system is one of the effective methods. However, existing gas engines for energy generation are too big to use in small-distributed generation systems and very expensive. So, diverting automotive engines is sensible solution because of their low cost. On the other hand, the composition of biomass gas generated from gasification plants is affected not only by the source and the gasification method but also by the gasification condition. Therefore, we aimed to develop a low cost and small size biomass gas engine by diverting an automotive engine with original control system. The intake system of the automotive gasoline engine was changed to two throttles in order to control both fuel and air flow rate respectively. The control system was constructed by assuming to use various fuels whose composition can fluctuate. Operational test was carried out by using real biomass gas from the gasification plant. As results, engine speed and air fuel ratio were stably controlled and the engine output achieved 19 kW.

KW - Alternative Energy

KW - Biomass Energy

KW - Gaseous Fuel

KW - Internal Combustion Engine

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67649970601&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67649970601&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1299/kikaib.75.751_485

DO - 10.1299/kikaib.75.751_485

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:67649970601

VL - 75

SP - 485

EP - 487

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

SN - 0387-5016

IS - 751

ER -