Railway traffic controllers are required to decide train operation restrictions. They instruct train drivers properly and promptly in order to ensure safety from natural hazards such as heavy rain, strong wind and big earthquakes. When an operation restriction is issued, controllers must make various decisions in a timely manner in view of the priority of each goal including minimizing the impact on train operations, in constantly changing situations. However, the competency to perform this task has not yet been realized. The authors propose a method for analyzing controller competencies when train operation is restricted by extracting specific actions taken by skilled controllers to overcome difficult situations. Applying this method to controller instruction tasks, 209 competencies were obtained. One such competency is being able to give precise instructions to train drivers in scenes where situational awareness is difficult. For example, a situation where operation restrictions are issued from multiple locations, but then only one restriction is rescinded. Additionally, many competencies require the non-technical skills of situational awareness. In addition, many "competencies learned through personal experience", which had been regarded as the tacit knowledge of expert controllers, were revealed.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Japan Industrial Management Association|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020 1月 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 経営科学およびオペレーションズ リサーチ