To enlarge the areal capacity of Si-O-C composites as an anode for high energy Li secondary batteries, 3D-structured carbon paper is used as a current collector for electrodeposition of Si-O-C composites. For higher surface affinity between organic solvents with carbon paper, surface treatment of carbon paper is carried out using a sulfuric acid-hydrogen peroxide mixture (SPM) solution. The higher deposited Si amounts and areal capacity are obtained by SPM treatment of carbon paper due to its enhanced surface affinity between carbon paper and electrolytes during Si-O-C electrodeposition. In addition, two kinds of organic solvents, propylene carbonate (PC) and ethylene carbonate/diethyl carbonate (EC/DEC), are employed to investigate their suitability for the electrodeposition of Si-O-C composites. As a result, it is confirmed that the Si-O-C composites synthesized by EC/DEC solvents show more stable cycle abilities than in the case of using PC solvents at a high charge current density of 1.0 mA cm?2. This is due to the exfoliation of carbon paper by PC, resulting in fast capacity fading during charge/discharge cycle. Nevertheless, it is confirmed that the use of carbon paper as a substrate for Si-O-C electrodeposition is an effective way to increase deposited Si amounts and discharge areal capacity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry