Development of geostatistical program and investigation into improvement of reservoir models by applying multiple soft data of different scale

Yutaro Takayanagi, Masanori Kurihara

    研究成果: Paper

    抄録

    In the petroleum industry, characterization of reservoir properties such as porosity and permeability is definitely essential for a design of reliable development plans and optimization of proved reserves. Geostatistical modeling is one of well-known methods to estimate the reservoir parameters from various data sources. Generally, reservoir property distributions are estimated based mainly on directly sampled data (hard data) like well data, yet the number of hard data is not enough to make the highly accurate reservoir model. On the other hand, indirectly sampled data (soft data) such as seismic data is less reliable but is distributed extensively. In this study, the main objects are to improve the quality of geological modeling by integration of multiple soft data of different scale and to verify that soft data are useful for the refinement of estimation. Traditional geostatistical simulation methods cannot incorporate multiple soft data of different scale. To solve this problem, we developed the geostatistical program that can estimate reservoir properties by applying both well data and soft data of different scale such as seismic data and pressure transient test analysis results. This program enables the estimate not only by conventional methods such as Sequential Gaussian Simulation (SGS) but also by the new ones incorporating up to two soft data: specialized Markov-Bayes Simulation, Trend Modeling (TM), the combined method of SGS and block kriging (SGSBK), and SGS with Bayesian Updating (SGSBU). To verify the function of the program thus developed, we carried out two types of estimates using hypothetical data: 1) permeability distribution modeling in 2-dimensional field and 2) porosity distribution modeling in 3-dimensional field. The verification includes the comparison between simple methods using only hard data and special methods described above. The results reveal that the integration of soft data to the estimate can improve the accuracy of modeling. In addition, this study suggests that the incorporation of multiple soft data could be effective, even if the scale of the soft data is different from that of the hard data, to estimate properties in specific areas with the insufficient number of hard data. This study concludes that soft data are useful to increase the accuracy for modeling reservoir property distributions, and that applying multiple soft data fairly improves the reliability of estimation for the regions where hard data do not exist sufficiently.

    元の言語English
    出版物ステータスPublished - 2017 1 1
    イベント23rd Formation Evaluation Symposium of Japan 2017 - Chiba, Japan
    継続期間: 2017 10 112017 10 12

    Other

    Other23rd Formation Evaluation Symposium of Japan 2017
    Japan
    Chiba
    期間17/10/1117/10/12

    Fingerprint

    Porosity
    Petroleum reservoirs
    Petroleum industry
    Computer simulation
    programme
    modeling
    simulation
    seismic data
    porosity
    permeability
    kriging

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
    • Geology
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Economic Geology
    • Geochemistry and Petrology

    これを引用

    Takayanagi, Y., & Kurihara, M. (2017). Development of geostatistical program and investigation into improvement of reservoir models by applying multiple soft data of different scale. 論文発表場所 23rd Formation Evaluation Symposium of Japan 2017, Chiba, Japan.

    Development of geostatistical program and investigation into improvement of reservoir models by applying multiple soft data of different scale. / Takayanagi, Yutaro; Kurihara, Masanori.

    2017. 論文発表場所 23rd Formation Evaluation Symposium of Japan 2017, Chiba, Japan.

    研究成果: Paper

    Takayanagi, Y & Kurihara, M 2017, 'Development of geostatistical program and investigation into improvement of reservoir models by applying multiple soft data of different scale' 論文発表場所 23rd Formation Evaluation Symposium of Japan 2017, Chiba, Japan, 17/10/11 - 17/10/12, .
    Takayanagi Y, Kurihara M. Development of geostatistical program and investigation into improvement of reservoir models by applying multiple soft data of different scale. 2017. 論文発表場所 23rd Formation Evaluation Symposium of Japan 2017, Chiba, Japan.
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    abstract = "In the petroleum industry, characterization of reservoir properties such as porosity and permeability is definitely essential for a design of reliable development plans and optimization of proved reserves. Geostatistical modeling is one of well-known methods to estimate the reservoir parameters from various data sources. Generally, reservoir property distributions are estimated based mainly on directly sampled data (hard data) like well data, yet the number of hard data is not enough to make the highly accurate reservoir model. On the other hand, indirectly sampled data (soft data) such as seismic data is less reliable but is distributed extensively. In this study, the main objects are to improve the quality of geological modeling by integration of multiple soft data of different scale and to verify that soft data are useful for the refinement of estimation. Traditional geostatistical simulation methods cannot incorporate multiple soft data of different scale. To solve this problem, we developed the geostatistical program that can estimate reservoir properties by applying both well data and soft data of different scale such as seismic data and pressure transient test analysis results. This program enables the estimate not only by conventional methods such as Sequential Gaussian Simulation (SGS) but also by the new ones incorporating up to two soft data: specialized Markov-Bayes Simulation, Trend Modeling (TM), the combined method of SGS and block kriging (SGSBK), and SGS with Bayesian Updating (SGSBU). To verify the function of the program thus developed, we carried out two types of estimates using hypothetical data: 1) permeability distribution modeling in 2-dimensional field and 2) porosity distribution modeling in 3-dimensional field. The verification includes the comparison between simple methods using only hard data and special methods described above. The results reveal that the integration of soft data to the estimate can improve the accuracy of modeling. In addition, this study suggests that the incorporation of multiple soft data could be effective, even if the scale of the soft data is different from that of the hard data, to estimate properties in specific areas with the insufficient number of hard data. This study concludes that soft data are useful to increase the accuracy for modeling reservoir property distributions, and that applying multiple soft data fairly improves the reliability of estimation for the regions where hard data do not exist sufficiently.",
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