Development of HAUP and its applications to various kinds of solids

Jinzo Kobayashi*, Toru Asahi

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Conference article査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Optical activity was found in 1811 by Arago. However, optical activity of solids is extremely small and overwhelmed by existing birefringence, so it could not be measured until the high accuracy universal polarimeter (HAUP) was developed by us in 1983. The HAUP method enables us to measure optical activity and birefringence of any solids even belonging to monoclinic and triclinic systems. The principles of the HAUP and the more generalized one are given. The applications of the HAUP method to various kind of solids, i.e., the elucidation of the origin of the incommensurate state of ferroelectrics, optical activities of monoclinic crystals, huge optical activity of high polymer sheet, and the first measurement of a protein, lysozyme, crystal are described. These applications illustrate that axial tensorial consideration provides otherwise inaccessible insight of previously unsolved problems. Therefore we stress the necessity of developing a new research field defined as 'chiral physics', where axial tensors play essential roles.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)25-39
ページ数15
ジャーナルProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
4097
出版ステータスPublished - 2000 1 1
イベントComplex Mediums - San Diego, CA, USA
継続期間: 2000 7 302000 8 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 応用数学
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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