Development of lateral displacement sensor for real-time detection of structural damage

Iwao Matsuya*, Ryota Tomishi, Maya Sato, Kiyoshi Kanekawa, Yoshihiro Nitta, Motoichi Takahashi, Satoru Miura, Yasutsugu Suzuki, Tomohiko Hatada, Ryuta Katamura, Takashi Tanii, Shuichi Shoji, Akira Nishitani, Iwao Ohdomari

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

18 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We have developed a novel sensor that enables us to measure the relative story displacement of a building structure in real time. This lateral displacement sensor (LDS) is composed of a light-emitting diode (LED) array, which is fixed on the ceiling, and a position-sensitive detector (PSD) unit, which is placed on the floor. We optimized the LDS to achieve high accuracy in lateral displacement measurement. The accuracy was evaluated to be 60 μm by conducting shaking table tests. Two LDSs were implemented in an actual building equipped with an active variable stiffness (AVS) system, and the building was vibrated with seismic waveforms by an exciter placed on the rooftop. The seismic displacement of the second floor relative to the first floor was measured using the LDS. Furthermore, the inclination angle of the second floor could be measured using the LDS during the seismic vibration. Using the AVS system, we realized the residual displacement of the second floor without inducing damage to the building, and succeeded in real-time residual displacement measurement for the first time. These results indicate that the LDS is useful for the health diagnosis of a building structure.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)266-272
ページ数7
ジャーナルIEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering
6
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 5月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子工学および電気工学

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