Development of program coupling flow simulator with geomechanics simulator using adaptive mesh refinement model and analytical solution for simple one-dimensional rock deformation

Masaru Sawata, Shigeki Iwata, Norio Tenma, Masanori Kurihara

研究成果: Paper査読

抄録

In general, conventional oil and gas reservoirs are not deformed significantly. However, some unconventional reservoirs including those of methane hydrate and heavy oil/bitumen are soft and deformable. Therefore, it is important to introduce the geomechanical effects such as the changes in porosity/permeability associated with the deformation of a reservoir for accurately predicting production performances for these unconventional reservoirs. Recently, the reservoir fluid flow behavior has been simulated in conjunction with geomechanics simulation, using various coupling methods such as fully implicit method, explicit method, iterative method, etc. All of these methods have both advantages and disadvantages. For example, the fully implicit method, which solves flow and geomechanical behavior simultaneously, is accurate, but requires a huge computer time. In addition, it is difficult to utilize existing flow simulators and geomechanics simulators in this method. Meanwhile, the explicit method does not require much computational time, but is not accurate since the geomechanical behavior is predicted without being reflected enough in flow simulation. The iterative method is accurate because geomechanical information and flow information is transferred to each other until the flow performances become consistent with geomechanical behavior. This method, however, requires considerable computer time. Therefore, we conducted this research seeking for a new method coupling fluid flow with geomechanics that enables the accurate prediction in a reasonably short computer time. In this research, after developing the 3-D (dimensional), 3-phase black oil type simulator and the elastic type geomechanics simulator, the programs combining these two simulators by various methods were developed. To shorten the computational time, the geomechanics simulator developed in this research has the function of computing stress-strain field using Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) model. In addition, the program that roughly calculates the formation deformation applying the analytical solution for simple 1-D deformation was coded. Furthermore, the flow simulator solving one-dimensional deformation equation implicitly with flow equations was constructed. Case studies using these simulators/programs revealed that: i) the solutions given by the explicit method were unreliable, ii) the application of the analytical solution of 1-D deformation was very fast, but might not be accurate in the complex 3-D case, iii) the iterative method could provide accurate solutions, but was slow, and iv) the best method was to couple the flow simulator with the geomechanics simulator equipped with AMR model, which could reduce the computational time to less than a half of the conventional iterative methods without reducing the accuracy of prediction.

本文言語English
出版ステータスPublished - 2018
イベント24th Formation Evaluation Symposium of Japan - Chiba, Japan
継続期間: 2018 10 112018 10 12

Other

Other24th Formation Evaluation Symposium of Japan
国/地域Japan
CityChiba
Period18/10/1118/10/12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 経済地質学
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • 地球化学および岩石学
  • 地質学
  • 地盤工学および土木地質学

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