Differences in activation patterns in elbow flexor muscles during isometric, concentric and eccentric contractions

Kimitaka Nakazawa*, Yasuo Kawakami, Tetsuo Fukunaga, Hideo Yano, Mitsumasa Miyashita

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

96 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

To investigate the relative activation of the synergistic muscles during three different types of muscle contraction, the electromyograms (EMG) of two elbow flexor muscles, the biceps brachii (BB) and the brachioradialis (BR), have been compared. To accomplish this eight healthy human subjects performed the following elbow flexions against the same load - concentric, eccentric and isometric contractions. The isometric contractions were performed at three elbow angles: 10, 45 and 90° (0° equal to full expension). The EMG were recorded by bipolar surface electrodes, and the relative activation between the two muscles was evaluated as the quotient of mean EMG activities (BR/BB). For the isotonic elbow flexions, BR/BB were calculated at three angle divisions: 0-30°, 30-60° and 60-90°. Results indicated that the relative activation of the BR during the concentric contractions was higher than that of the eccentric contraction, particularly at the extended elbow angles, i.e. the BR/BB of the concentric contractions for the elbow joint angles ranging from 0-30° and 30-60° were significantly greater (P<0.05) than those of the eccentric contractions. During the isometric and eccentric contractions, the BR/BB at the flexed joint angles tended to be greater than those at the extended angles. In contrast, there were no angle-dependent BR/BB variations during the concentric elbow flexions. Further, changing patterns in the EMG power spectra due to the type of contraction were different between BB and BR. These results indicated that the activation pattern in the two elbow flexor muscles varied with the muscle contraction pattern.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)214-220
ページ数7
ジャーナルEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
66
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1993 3 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理学
  • 公衆衛生学、環境および労働衛生

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