Different policies, distinct processes: Three case studies of international infl uence in education policy formation in El Salvador

D. Brent Edwards*, Victoria Julián Antonio

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Chapter

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In this chapter, we analyze and compare three cases of education policy formation in El Salvador, a country affected by civil war from 1980 to 1992. The three cases presented here relate, fi rst, to the “Education with Community Participation” (EDUCO) program, second, to the policy for gender equality in education, and, third, to the policy to include the teaching of values in Salvadoran education. These policies began to develop in the early 1990s and would all be incorporated during the 1990s into policy of the Ministry of Education through the Ten Year Plan and, later, the National Women's Policy. In the three cases, we address contextual aspects as well as the influence of international conferences, international trends, and a range of actors from the local, national, and international levels. In so doing, we explain how and why certain policy formation processes refl ect “imposition,” “negotiation,” or “hybridization.” From our fi ndings, we also: suggest factors that determine the dynamics of education policymaking, refl ect on the ways in which policy formation can be more symbolic than meaningful, and, fi nally, emphasize that globalization is diminishing the predominance of traditional state channels with regard to the formulation of education policy.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルGlobalization, International Education Policy and Local Policy Formation
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルVoices from the Developing World
出版社Springer Netherlands
ページ39-58
ページ数20
ISBN(電子版)9789400741652
ISBN(印刷版)9789400741645
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 1月 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 社会科学(全般)

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