Differential equations aspects of quantum cohomology

研究成果: Chapter

1 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Abstract The quantum differential equations can be regarded as examples of equations with certain universal properties, which are of interest beyond quantum cohomology itself. We present this point of view as part of a framework which accommodates the KdV equation and other well-known integrable systems. In the case of quantum cohomology, the theory is remarkably effective in packaging geometric information, as will be illustrated with reference to simple examples of Gromov– Witten invariants, variations of Hodge structure, the Reconstruction Theorem and the Crepant Resolution Conjecture. The concept of quantum cohomology arose in string theory around 20 years ago. Its mathematical foundations were established around 10 years ago, based on the theory of Gromov– Witten invariants. There are two approaches to Gromov– Witten invariants, via symplectic geometry and via algebraic geometry. Both approaches give the same results for the three-point Gromov– Witten invariants of familiar manifolds M like Grassmannians and flag manifolds, and these invariants may be viewed as the structure constants of the quantum cohomology algebra Q H*M, a modification of the ordinary cohomology algebra H*M. However, the name ‘quantum cohomology’ may be misleading. On the one hand, the ‘quantum’ and ‘cohomology’ aspects are somewhat removed from the standard ideas of quantum physics and cohomology theory. On the other hand, there are strong relations between quantum cohomology and several other areas of mathematics: symplectic geometry and algebraic geometry, of course, but also differential geometry, the theory of integrable systems (soliton equations) and even number theory. In this chapter we shall focus on the quantum differential equations as the fundamental concept (due to Alexander Givental [13– 15]), which encapsulates many aspects of quantum cohomology.

元の言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルGeometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory
出版者Cambridge University Press
ページ54-85
ページ数32
ISBN(印刷物)9780511712135, 9780521764827
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2010 1 1
外部発表Yes

Fingerprint

homology
differential equations
geometry
algebra
number theory
differential geometry
mathematics
packaging
string theory
theorems
solitary waves
physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

これを引用

Guest, M. (2010). Differential equations aspects of quantum cohomology. : Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory (pp. 54-85). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511712135.003

Differential equations aspects of quantum cohomology. / Guest, Martin.

Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory. Cambridge University Press, 2010. p. 54-85.

研究成果: Chapter

Guest, M 2010, Differential equations aspects of quantum cohomology. : Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory. Cambridge University Press, pp. 54-85. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511712135.003
Guest M. Differential equations aspects of quantum cohomology. : Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory. Cambridge University Press. 2010. p. 54-85 https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511712135.003
Guest, Martin. / Differential equations aspects of quantum cohomology. Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory. Cambridge University Press, 2010. pp. 54-85
@inbook{65240f4f52264dc8ab511bb6541021e3,
title = "Differential equations aspects of quantum cohomology",
abstract = "Abstract The quantum differential equations can be regarded as examples of equations with certain universal properties, which are of interest beyond quantum cohomology itself. We present this point of view as part of a framework which accommodates the KdV equation and other well-known integrable systems. In the case of quantum cohomology, the theory is remarkably effective in packaging geometric information, as will be illustrated with reference to simple examples of Gromov– Witten invariants, variations of Hodge structure, the Reconstruction Theorem and the Crepant Resolution Conjecture. The concept of quantum cohomology arose in string theory around 20 years ago. Its mathematical foundations were established around 10 years ago, based on the theory of Gromov– Witten invariants. There are two approaches to Gromov– Witten invariants, via symplectic geometry and via algebraic geometry. Both approaches give the same results for the three-point Gromov– Witten invariants of familiar manifolds M like Grassmannians and flag manifolds, and these invariants may be viewed as the structure constants of the quantum cohomology algebra Q H*M, a modification of the ordinary cohomology algebra H*M. However, the name ‘quantum cohomology’ may be misleading. On the one hand, the ‘quantum’ and ‘cohomology’ aspects are somewhat removed from the standard ideas of quantum physics and cohomology theory. On the other hand, there are strong relations between quantum cohomology and several other areas of mathematics: symplectic geometry and algebraic geometry, of course, but also differential geometry, the theory of integrable systems (soliton equations) and even number theory. In this chapter we shall focus on the quantum differential equations as the fundamental concept (due to Alexander Givental [13– 15]), which encapsulates many aspects of quantum cohomology.",
author = "Martin Guest",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/CBO9780511712135.003",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780511712135",
pages = "54--85",
booktitle = "Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Differential equations aspects of quantum cohomology

AU - Guest, Martin

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - Abstract The quantum differential equations can be regarded as examples of equations with certain universal properties, which are of interest beyond quantum cohomology itself. We present this point of view as part of a framework which accommodates the KdV equation and other well-known integrable systems. In the case of quantum cohomology, the theory is remarkably effective in packaging geometric information, as will be illustrated with reference to simple examples of Gromov– Witten invariants, variations of Hodge structure, the Reconstruction Theorem and the Crepant Resolution Conjecture. The concept of quantum cohomology arose in string theory around 20 years ago. Its mathematical foundations were established around 10 years ago, based on the theory of Gromov– Witten invariants. There are two approaches to Gromov– Witten invariants, via symplectic geometry and via algebraic geometry. Both approaches give the same results for the three-point Gromov– Witten invariants of familiar manifolds M like Grassmannians and flag manifolds, and these invariants may be viewed as the structure constants of the quantum cohomology algebra Q H*M, a modification of the ordinary cohomology algebra H*M. However, the name ‘quantum cohomology’ may be misleading. On the one hand, the ‘quantum’ and ‘cohomology’ aspects are somewhat removed from the standard ideas of quantum physics and cohomology theory. On the other hand, there are strong relations between quantum cohomology and several other areas of mathematics: symplectic geometry and algebraic geometry, of course, but also differential geometry, the theory of integrable systems (soliton equations) and even number theory. In this chapter we shall focus on the quantum differential equations as the fundamental concept (due to Alexander Givental [13– 15]), which encapsulates many aspects of quantum cohomology.

AB - Abstract The quantum differential equations can be regarded as examples of equations with certain universal properties, which are of interest beyond quantum cohomology itself. We present this point of view as part of a framework which accommodates the KdV equation and other well-known integrable systems. In the case of quantum cohomology, the theory is remarkably effective in packaging geometric information, as will be illustrated with reference to simple examples of Gromov– Witten invariants, variations of Hodge structure, the Reconstruction Theorem and the Crepant Resolution Conjecture. The concept of quantum cohomology arose in string theory around 20 years ago. Its mathematical foundations were established around 10 years ago, based on the theory of Gromov– Witten invariants. There are two approaches to Gromov– Witten invariants, via symplectic geometry and via algebraic geometry. Both approaches give the same results for the three-point Gromov– Witten invariants of familiar manifolds M like Grassmannians and flag manifolds, and these invariants may be viewed as the structure constants of the quantum cohomology algebra Q H*M, a modification of the ordinary cohomology algebra H*M. However, the name ‘quantum cohomology’ may be misleading. On the one hand, the ‘quantum’ and ‘cohomology’ aspects are somewhat removed from the standard ideas of quantum physics and cohomology theory. On the other hand, there are strong relations between quantum cohomology and several other areas of mathematics: symplectic geometry and algebraic geometry, of course, but also differential geometry, the theory of integrable systems (soliton equations) and even number theory. In this chapter we shall focus on the quantum differential equations as the fundamental concept (due to Alexander Givental [13– 15]), which encapsulates many aspects of quantum cohomology.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84926110629&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84926110629&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/CBO9780511712135.003

DO - 10.1017/CBO9780511712135.003

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84926110629

SN - 9780511712135

SN - 9780521764827

SP - 54

EP - 85

BT - Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

PB - Cambridge University Press

ER -