We have investigated the growth mechanism of coronene-derived graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) using two different precursors: coronene and a dimer form of coronene, so-called dicoronylene (C 48H 20). For both of the precursors, the formation of nanoribbon-like materials inside carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was confirmed by transmission electron microscope observations. Experimental and theoretical Raman analysis reveals that the samples also encapsulated dicoronylene and linearly condensed other coronene oligomers, which can be regarded as analogues to GNRs. Interestingly, it was found that the present doping condition of coronene yields dicoronylene prior to encapsulation due to the thermal dimerization of coronene. These results indicate that the dimerization before the encapsulation drives the preferential formation of the coronene-based GNRs within CNTs.
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