In this paper, we study symmetry reduction for a binary asteroid system modeled by a rigid body and a particle. In particular, we demonstrate how translational and rotational symmetry reduction appeared in the binary asteroid system can be carried out in the context of Dirac reduction by stages and with the associated reduction of implicit Hamiltonian systems. Then we investigate stability of relative equilibria of the asteroid pair and show stability regions by using the energy-momentum method. Lastly, we illustrate some numerical simulations for stable and unstable orbits near from relative equilibria of the Collinear and T configurations.
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