The initial charge separation process of conjugated polymers is one of the key factors for understanding their conductivity. The structure of photogenerated transients in conjugated polymers can be observed by resonance Raman spectroscopy in the near-IR region because they exhibit characteristic low-energy transitions. Here, we investigate the structure and dynamics of photogenerated transients in a regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT):[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blend film, as well as in a pristine P3HT film, using femtosecond time-resolved resonance inverse Raman spectroscopy in the near-IR region. The transient inverse Raman spectrum of the pristine P3HT film at 50 ps suggests coexistence of neutral and charged excitations, whereas that of the P3HT:PCBM blend film at 50 ps suggests formation of positive polarons with a different structure from those in an FeCl3-doped P3HT film. Time-resolved near-IR inverse Raman spectra of the blend film clearly show the absence of charge separation between P3HT and PCBM within the instrument response time of our spectrometer, while they indicate two independent pathways of the polaron formation with time constants of 0.3 and 10 ps.
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