We previously reported the mammalian period repeat mRNA fluctuates during circadian time in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) which is considered to be a clock pacemaker in mammalian brain. Presently we discovered a period repeat sequence (PR) DNA-binding protein in the rat SCN nuclear extract. In the SCN, the binding activity of PR DNA-binding protein to (ACAGGC)3 was most highest during the late day and most lowest during the late night by electro-mobility shift assay (EMSA). In the cortex nuclear extract, the binding of PR DNA-binding protein did not show a significant variation during a day. This is the first report to show the existence of diurnal regulated PR DNA-binding protein in the SCN.
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