Diurnal variation in the diving bradycardia response in young men

Masayuki Konishi, Hiroshi Kawano, Mi Xiang, Hyeonki Kim, Karina Ando, Hiroki Tabata, Mio Nishimaki, Shizuo Sakamoto

研究成果: Article

抄録

Purpose: The present study aimed to examine diurnal variation of the diving bradycardia responses on the same day. Methods: Eighteen young men (age 26 ± 2 years; height 174.2 ± 6.0 cm; body mass 70.2 ± 8.1 kg; body fat 18.0 ± 3.8 %; mean ± standard deviation) participated in this study. Oral temperature, heart rate variability (HRV) from 5-min of electrocardiogram data, and diving bradycardia responses were measured at 0900, 1300, and 1700 hours daily. All participants performed diving reflex tests twice in the sitting position with the face immersed in cold water (1.9–3.1 °C) and apnea at midinspiration for a minimum of 30 s and as long as possible, in consecutive order. Results: Oral temperature was found to be less in the morning (0900) than in the afternoon (1300) and evening (1700). In the frequency domain parameters of heart rate variability, the natural logarithms of high-frequency power were higher in the morning than in the evening. All participants showed bradycardia response to the two diving reflex tests. The peak values of R–R interval during the diving reflex test both for as long as possible and 30 s were longer in the morning than in the afternoon and evening. Conclusion: Our results indicated that the maximal bradycardia during the diving reflex test exhibits a diurnal variation, with peak levels at morning and gradual decrease towards the evening. The HRV indexes show the same variation.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)1-6
ページ数6
ジャーナルClinical Autonomic Research
DOI
出版物ステータスAccepted/In press - 2016 1 21

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Diving
Bradycardia
Heart Rate
Temperature
Apnea
Posture
Adipose Tissue
Electrocardiography
Diving Reflex
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

これを引用

Diurnal variation in the diving bradycardia response in young men. / Konishi, Masayuki; Kawano, Hiroshi; Xiang, Mi; Kim, Hyeonki; Ando, Karina; Tabata, Hiroki; Nishimaki, Mio; Sakamoto, Shizuo.

:: Clinical Autonomic Research, 21.01.2016, p. 1-6.

研究成果: Article

Konishi, Masayuki ; Kawano, Hiroshi ; Xiang, Mi ; Kim, Hyeonki ; Ando, Karina ; Tabata, Hiroki ; Nishimaki, Mio ; Sakamoto, Shizuo. / Diurnal variation in the diving bradycardia response in young men. :: Clinical Autonomic Research. 2016 ; pp. 1-6.
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abstract = "Purpose: The present study aimed to examine diurnal variation of the diving bradycardia responses on the same day. Methods: Eighteen young men (age 26 ± 2 years; height 174.2 ± 6.0 cm; body mass 70.2 ± 8.1 kg; body fat 18.0 ± 3.8 {\%}; mean ± standard deviation) participated in this study. Oral temperature, heart rate variability (HRV) from 5-min of electrocardiogram data, and diving bradycardia responses were measured at 0900, 1300, and 1700 hours daily. All participants performed diving reflex tests twice in the sitting position with the face immersed in cold water (1.9–3.1 °C) and apnea at midinspiration for a minimum of 30 s and as long as possible, in consecutive order. Results: Oral temperature was found to be less in the morning (0900) than in the afternoon (1300) and evening (1700). In the frequency domain parameters of heart rate variability, the natural logarithms of high-frequency power were higher in the morning than in the evening. All participants showed bradycardia response to the two diving reflex tests. The peak values of R–R interval during the diving reflex test both for as long as possible and 30 s were longer in the morning than in the afternoon and evening. Conclusion: Our results indicated that the maximal bradycardia during the diving reflex test exhibits a diurnal variation, with peak levels at morning and gradual decrease towards the evening. The HRV indexes show the same variation.",
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AU - Konishi, Masayuki

AU - Kawano, Hiroshi

AU - Xiang, Mi

AU - Kim, Hyeonki

AU - Ando, Karina

AU - Tabata, Hiroki

AU - Nishimaki, Mio

AU - Sakamoto, Shizuo

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N2 - Purpose: The present study aimed to examine diurnal variation of the diving bradycardia responses on the same day. Methods: Eighteen young men (age 26 ± 2 years; height 174.2 ± 6.0 cm; body mass 70.2 ± 8.1 kg; body fat 18.0 ± 3.8 %; mean ± standard deviation) participated in this study. Oral temperature, heart rate variability (HRV) from 5-min of electrocardiogram data, and diving bradycardia responses were measured at 0900, 1300, and 1700 hours daily. All participants performed diving reflex tests twice in the sitting position with the face immersed in cold water (1.9–3.1 °C) and apnea at midinspiration for a minimum of 30 s and as long as possible, in consecutive order. Results: Oral temperature was found to be less in the morning (0900) than in the afternoon (1300) and evening (1700). In the frequency domain parameters of heart rate variability, the natural logarithms of high-frequency power were higher in the morning than in the evening. All participants showed bradycardia response to the two diving reflex tests. The peak values of R–R interval during the diving reflex test both for as long as possible and 30 s were longer in the morning than in the afternoon and evening. Conclusion: Our results indicated that the maximal bradycardia during the diving reflex test exhibits a diurnal variation, with peak levels at morning and gradual decrease towards the evening. The HRV indexes show the same variation.

AB - Purpose: The present study aimed to examine diurnal variation of the diving bradycardia responses on the same day. Methods: Eighteen young men (age 26 ± 2 years; height 174.2 ± 6.0 cm; body mass 70.2 ± 8.1 kg; body fat 18.0 ± 3.8 %; mean ± standard deviation) participated in this study. Oral temperature, heart rate variability (HRV) from 5-min of electrocardiogram data, and diving bradycardia responses were measured at 0900, 1300, and 1700 hours daily. All participants performed diving reflex tests twice in the sitting position with the face immersed in cold water (1.9–3.1 °C) and apnea at midinspiration for a minimum of 30 s and as long as possible, in consecutive order. Results: Oral temperature was found to be less in the morning (0900) than in the afternoon (1300) and evening (1700). In the frequency domain parameters of heart rate variability, the natural logarithms of high-frequency power were higher in the morning than in the evening. All participants showed bradycardia response to the two diving reflex tests. The peak values of R–R interval during the diving reflex test both for as long as possible and 30 s were longer in the morning than in the afternoon and evening. Conclusion: Our results indicated that the maximal bradycardia during the diving reflex test exhibits a diurnal variation, with peak levels at morning and gradual decrease towards the evening. The HRV indexes show the same variation.

KW - Autonomic nervous system

KW - Bradycardia

KW - Circadian rhythm

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