Effect of polyethylene glycol modification of TiO 2 nanoparticles on cytotoxicity and gene expressions in human cell lines

Sharmy Saimon Mano, Koki Kanehira, Shuji Sonezaki, Akiyoshi Taniguchi*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

63 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Nanoparticles (NPs) are tiny materials used in a wide range of industrial and medical applications. Titanium dioxide (TiO 2) is a type of nanoparticle that is widely used in paints, pigments, and cosmetics; however, little is known about the impact of TiO 2 on human health and the environment. Therefore, considerable research has focused on characterizing the potential toxicity of nanoparticles such as TiO 2 and on understanding the mechanism of TiO 2 NP-induced nanotoxicity through the evaluation of biomarkers. Uncoated TiO 2 NPs tend to aggregate in aqueous media, and these aggregates decrease cell viability and induce expression of stress-related genes, such as those encoding interleukin-6 (IL-6) and heat shock protein 70B' (HSP70B'), indicating that TiO 2 NPs induce inflammatory and heat shock responses. In order to reduce their toxicity, we conjugated TiO 2 NPs with polyethylene glycol (PEG) to eliminate aggregation. Our findings indicate that modifying TiO 2 NPs with PEG reduces their cytotoxicity and reduces the induction of stress-related genes. Our results also suggest that TiO 2 NP-induced effects on cytotoxicity and gene expression vary depending upon the cell type and surface modification.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3703-3737
ページ数35
ジャーナルInternational journal of molecular sciences
13
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 3月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 分子生物学
  • 分光学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 有機化学
  • 無機化学

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