Dehydrochlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) and activated carbon were pyrolyzed with sodium hydroxide in a flow of steam and nitrogen at 3.0 MPa and 560-660 °C. In both cases, hydrogen and sodium carbonate were the main products, and methane, ethane, and carbon dioxide were minor products. The gasification rate increased with partial steam pressure, and the reaction order with respect to steam partial pressure was 0.69. For both dehydrochlorinated PVC and activated carbon, the gasification rate increased with the NaOH/C molar ratio. However, the rate became saturated at NaOH/C ratios higher than 2.0. The activation energy of gasification of dehydrochlorinated PVC or activated carbon was 178 kJ/mol, assuming first-order reaction rate. These experimental results indicate that hydrogen was produced from the reaction: C+2NaOH+H 2O→Na2CO3+2H2.
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