An effective field theory of α-cluster condensation is formulated as a spontaneously broken symmetry in quantum field theory to understand the raison d'être and the nature of the Hoyle and α-cluster states in C12. The Nambu-Goldstone and Higgs mode operators in infinite systems are replaced with a pair of canonical operators whose Hamiltonian gives rise to discrete energy states in addition to the Bogoliubov-de Gennes excited states. The calculations reproduce well the experimental spectrum of the α-cluster states. The existence of the Nambu-Goldstone-Higgs states is demonstrated and crucial. The γ-decay transitions are also obtained.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics