Homeothermic animals regulate body temperature (T(b)) by using both autonomic and behavioral mechanisms. In the latter process, animals seek out cooler or warmer places when they are exposed to excessively hot or cold environments. Thermoregulation is affected by the state of energy reserves in the body. In the present study, we examine the effects of 4-day food deprivation on circadian changes in T(b) and on cold-escape and heat-escape behaviors in rats. Continuous measurement of T(b) during food deprivation indicated that the peak T(b) amplitude was not different from baseline values, but the trough amplitude continuously decreased after the onset of food deprivation. Cold-escape behavior was facilitated by food deprivation, whereas heat-escape behavior was unchanged. After the termination of food deprivation, the lowered T(b) returned to normal on the first day. However, cold-escape behavior was still facilitated on the third day after food reintroduction. Autonomic and behavioral thermoregulatory effectors are modulated in the face of food shortage so as to maintain optimal performance during the active period, whereas increasing energy conservation occurs during the quiescent phase.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2000 1|
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